- What are the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
- What are the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)?
- What are the signs and symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)?
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- Patient Comments: Type 2 Diabetes - Diet
how to check your blood glucose at home ☑how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Type 2 diabetes the 1 last update 2020/08/05 definition and factsType 2 diabetes definition and facts
- Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which cells cannot use blood sugar (glucose) efficiently for energy. This happens when the cells become insensitive to insulin and the blood sugar gradually gets too high.
- There are two types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. In type 2, the pancreas still makes insulin, but the cells cannot use it very efficiently. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot make insulin due to auto-immune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells.
- Type 2 can be caused by:
- Risk factors include:
- Having family members with diabetes
- Being overweight
- Being sedentary including watching more than 2 hours of TV per day
- Drinking soda
- Consuming too much sugar and processed food
- The signs and symptoms of this type of diabetes are sometimes subtle. The major symptom is often being overweight. Other symptoms and signs include:
- Often there are no specific symptoms of the condition and it goes undiagnosed until routine blood tests are ordered.
- A blood sugar level more than 125 when fasting or more than 200 randomly is a diagnosis for diabetes.
- Treatment is with diet and lifestyle changes that include eating less sugary foods and fewer foods that are high in simple carbohydrates (sugar, bread, and pasta).
- Sometimes a person will need to take drugs, for example, metformin (Glucophage).
- People with both types of diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels often to avoid high (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia).
- Complications include heart and kidney disease, neuropathy, sexual and/or urinary problems, foot problems, and eye problems.
- This health condition can be prevented by following a low-glycemic load diet, staying physically active, and getting regular medical screenings.
- The prognosis for a person with this health condition is estimated to be a life expectancy of 10 years less than a person without diabetes. However, good blood sugar control and taking steps to prevent complications are shortening this gap, and people with the condition are living longer than ever before. It can be reversed with diligent attention to changing lifestyle behaviors.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plans
What is a diabetic diet?
Diet recommendations for people with type 2 diabetes include a
- vegetarian or vegan diet,
- the American Diabetes Association diet (which also emphasizes exercise),
- the Paleo Diet, and
- the Mediterranean diet.
What is type 2 diabetes?
how to check your blood glucose at home 🔥how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is a chronic condition in which blood glucose (sugar) can no longer be regulated. There are two reasons for this. First, the cells of the body become resistant to insulin (insulin resistant). Insulin works like a key to let glucose (blood sugar) move out of the blood and into the cells where it is used as fuel for energy. When the cells become insulin resistant, moving sugar into the cells requires more and more insulin, and too much sugar stays in the blood. Over time, if the cells require more and more insulin, the pancreas can't make enough insulin to keep up and begins to fail.
What are the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
This type of diabetes develops gradually, over years, so the signs and symptoms can seem subtle, and you might think it is something you "just have to live with." If you are overweight or obese, this is the major symptom, but not everyone will be overweight. In fact, weight loss can be a symptom.
Other symptoms and signs include:
SLIDESHOWType the 1 last update 2020/08/05 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, MedicationType 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication See the 1 last update 2020/08/05 SlideshowSee Slideshow
What are the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)?
how to check your blood glucose at home ☑how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Type 2 diabetes is a condition of blood sugar dysregulation. In general blood sugar is too high, but it also can be too low. This can happen if you take your diabetes medications then skip a meal. Blood sugar also can rise very quickly after a high glycemic index meal, and then fall a few hours later, plummeting into hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). The signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia can include
- Feeling dizzy or light-headed
- Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
- Feeling sweaty or clammy
- Vision changes, like blurring or narrowing of the visual field
- Feeling physically weak
- Feeling sleepy
- Feeling irritable
What are the signs and symptoms the 1 last update 2020/08/05 of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)?What are the signs and symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)?
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is common in type 2 diabetes. Its signs and symptoms can be either acute (short in duration) or chronic (last over the 1 last update 2020/08/05 a long period of time).Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is common in type 2 diabetes. Its signs and symptoms can be either acute (short in duration) or chronic (last over a long period of time).
Acute symptoms include:
- Feeling tired
- Feeling vision is blurry or foggy
- Frequent urination
- Feeling very thirsty
how to check your blood glucose at home ☑how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Chronic signs and symptoms can include:
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What causes type 2 diabetes? Can it be reversed?
how to check your blood glucose at home 👍how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with diligent attention to changing lifestyle behaviors. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and unhealthy lifestyle habits.
- Some ethnic groups have a higher inherited incidence of it. African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are all at increased risk.
- Other causes include unhealthy lifestyle habits, for example, if you:
- Eat too much sugar and carbohydrates
- Eat or drink foods with artificial sweeteners
- Don't get enough exercise
- Are under chronic, high stress
What for 1 last update 2020/08/05 is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
- If you have type 2, you can lower high blood sugar levels with diet, exercise, and oral drugs that either make the body more sensitive to insulin or help the pancreas release more insulin.
- In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot make any insulin, and people have to depend on insulin injections to lower blood sugar.
- Over time, people with type 2 also can require insulin. This happens when the pancreas "wears out."
Who gets type 2 diabetes (risk factors)?
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes are:
- Age (being over age 45)
- A family history of diabetes
- Being of a race or ethnic group with a genetic predisposition for this type of diabetes
- Being overweight
- Having had prediabetes or gestational diabetes
- Having other metabolic syndrome conditions such as high blood pressure, low HDL or "good" cholesterol, or high triglycerides
What lifestyle factors affect my chances of getting this type of diabetes?
Lifestyle habits can contribute to a person developing the disease, for example:
- If you are overweight or obese
- If you are sedentary (you don't exercise and are not physically active)
- If you watch more than 2 hours of TV per day
- If you drink artificially sweetened or sugar sweetened products. These products increase your risk by 26%-67%.
- Economic stress. People who live in the lowest-income circumstances have 2 1/2 times greater risk of developing the disease.
QUESTION______________ is another term for for 1 last update 2020/08/05 type 2 diabetes.______________ is another term for type 2 diabetes. See Answer
Is there a blood test to diagnose type 2 diabetes?
Yes, there is a blood test to diagnose this disease. The blood is tested for glucose, and if it is greater than 125 fasting, or more than 200 when randomly tested, the diagnosis is diabetes. If the fasting blood sugar is between 100-125, the person has a diagnosis of prediabetes.
Tests also can measure average blood sugar over time. A hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test greater than 6.5% indicates the diagnosis of the disease. Prediabetes is diagnosed with an HbA1c of 5.7% - 6.4%.
What is the 1 last update 2020/08/05 the treatment for type 2 diabetes?
What is the treatment for type 2 diabetes?
Treatment for this type of diabetes can include:
- Diabetic eating plan
- Weight loss
- Oral drugs
- Injectable drugs
- Treating other problems like stress or sleep apnea
- Dietary supplements
Not all people with diabetes need drug therapy. A healthy eating plan and exercise alone can be enough if the person makes significant lifestyle changes. Other signs, symptoms, and complications also may need treatment. For example, nutritional deficiencies should be corrected, heart or kidney disease may need to be treated, and vision must be checked for eye problems like diabetic retinopathy.
Subscribe to MedicineNet''s blood sugar (blood glucose) is either too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia) due to problems with insulin regulation in the body. There are two main types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood, while type 2 diabetes usually occurs during adulthood, however, rates of both types of diabetes in children, adolescents, and teens is increasing. More men than women have diabetes in the US, and the disease can affect men differently than women.
Warning symptoms of diabetes that men have and women do not include low testosterone (low-t), sexual problems, impotence (erectile dysfunction), decreased interest in sex, and retrograde ejaculation.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms and signs that are the same in men and women include skin infections, numbness or tingling in the feet or hands, nausea, excessive thirst or hunger, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, weight gain, weight loss, urinary tract infections (URIs), and kidney problems.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin, and treatment for type 2 diabetes are lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, getting exercise daily, and if necessary, diabetes medications.
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There are other causes of hyperhomocysteinemia, for example, alcoholism.
Supplementing the diet with folic acid and possibly vitamins B6 and B12 supplements can lower homocysteine levels. Currently there is no direct proof that taking folic acid and B vitamins lower homocysteine levels and prevent heart attacks and strokes. Talk to your doctor if you feel you need to have your homocysteine blood levels checked.
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People with diabetes can manage and prevent low or high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia) by keeping a log of your blood sugar levels when you are eating and fasting and eat foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary desserts, and fatty foods.
Blood tests, for example, the hemoglobin A1c test (A1c test) and urinalysis can diagnose the type of diabetes the person has. Diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, should be managed by you and your OB/GYN or another healthcare professional.
how to check your blood glucose at home 🔥how to how to check your blood glucose at home for Extremely high levels of blood glucose in the blood can be dangerous and life threatening if you have type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes.
If you or someone that you are with has extremely high blood glucose levels, call 911 or go to your nearest Urgent Care or Emergency Department immediately.
To prevent and manage high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes keep a log of your blood sugar levels, eat foods that are high in carbohydrates sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary deserts, and fatty foods that you can share with your doctor and other healthcare professionals.